Do you aspire to become a professional photographer? You certainly can, and to do so, you won’t want a high-priced camera. The answer is in the brightness of the light. If you take the time to learn how to use different kinds of light, such as backlighting, side lighting, diffused lighting, and artificial lighting, no one will be able to tell the difference between the pictures you take with your high-priced Nikon and the pictures you take with your regular cell phone.
Part 1-A Crash Course in the Fundamentals
Locate the source of the light
Take a good look at your surroundings to determine the source of the light. There are many possible sources of light, including above you, behind you, and all around you.
The direction from which the light is coming will have a significant impact on the appearance of your subject. For instance, light that is coming from above your subject may generate sharp shadows, whereas light that is coming from in front of your subject may cause the image to be flatter.
As you move around your subject, pay attention to how the way the light is hitting it affects the image you capture. Transfer your subject to a new location where the light will fall in a way that will produce the desired effect. Some lighting can bring out the beauty of your subject, while others can give it a mysterious feel.
Take note of the hue of the light
The intensity of the light can be high, medium, low, or very low. Depending on where the light is coming from, it may display a wide range of colors. Some lights have a cold glow, while others have a warm glow. The quality of the light will affect how your subject appears in the photograph, and it might cause the image to be overexposed, underexposed, too light, or just right.
Look for details
Your eyes pick up on a greater number of nuances than a camera ever could. This is the reason why your images do not typically reflect what you see. However, if you are aware of the exposure, which refers to the general brightness or darkness of a scene, you will be able to take pictures that include the information you wish to include.
If you are using a camera that has an exposure setting, the exposure that results in the most natural-looking picture is described as neutral or normal.
Keep an eye out for differences
The highlights and shadows on an object are produced by the direction the light is coming from. The parts of an image that are the brightest are called the highlights. On the other hand, a shadow is the part of an image that is the darkest.
The dynamic range of an image is determined by the contrast between its shadows and its highlights. The difference between shooting a shot that your friends will like and capturing one that they will rave about lies in your understanding of how adjusting the light will affect the contrast.
Photos that are lit from the side have a lot of contrast. In most cases, photographs that are lit from the front will have very little contrast. Images are taken when the sky is cloudy usually have less contrast than images taken when the sun is shining brightly in the middle of the day.
Part 2: Making the Most of the Light’s Position in the Room
Always employ front illumination for the most reliable outcomes
The most common method of working with light involves positioning your subjects in such a way that the light shines directly on them. Nevertheless, by adjusting the intensity of the light, you may transform this typical setup into unique photographs. For example, front lighting that is not too harsh might be very pleasing. A sharp and too-bright front light, such as a flash, can be problematic.
Front illumination typically consists of flash, which is the most popular type. The majority of built-in flashes have their settings configured to automatically flash when there is not enough light. You can turn this option off to give yourself more control and only use the flash when you need to.
When the light is strong, there will be instances when you’ll want to use it to fill in the shadows. In other instances, you might want the image to stay in the shadows for a particular effect, in which case you would not want your camera to utilize a flash at all. In this scenario, you would want to make sure that the shadows are as deep as possible.
Flashes from cameras can sometimes create a condition known as “red eye.” Having your subject look away from the camera is the most effective technique to avoid this from happening. Using free picture editing software that is readily available online, you can frequently remove red-eye from old photographs.
Make your photographs more dramatic by using backlighting
The reason why photographs taken using backlighting are so fascinating is that they are the polar opposite of typical photographs. The foreground of a photograph that has been backlit will be black, while the backdrop will be brightly lit.
An excellent example of a photograph with backlighting would be an eclipse of the sun. These can be challenging, but if you practice with a variety of lights and different camera settings, you can learn how to get the result that you desire.
Backlit photographs most commonly have silhouettes as the subject. A straightforward one can be made by positioning the light source exactly behind the person or thing being photographed. When shot from the front, the subject will not be captured in any detail and will appear dark.
Make your portraits stand out by illuminating them from the side
Use lighting from the side to create a striking impact in your photographs. This will result in a portion of your subject being illuminated while the remaining portion will be in darkness. Landscape photography and portrait photography both benefit a lot from being able to show depth.
The use of side lighting will give the illusion of depth, but you must be careful not to use too much of it. An unfavorable effect can be caused by having too much contrast. A lot of professional photographers use a reflector with a flash to soften the image’s edges and fill in the shadows.
Positioning your subject in front of a window, with one shoulder turned toward the camera, is often considered to be one of the most flattering postures for photographs. By directing your subjects to turn their heads in different directions, you may produce a variety of different effects. Request that they look out the window for one of the photos. Another suggestion would be to have them look at you.
When you want your photos to look natural, employ diffused lighting
The sun shining through clouds, the shadows cast by trees, or the light reflecting off of a wall or ceiling are all examples of natural phenomena that can produce diffused lighting. Diffused lighting is also known as soft lighting. This soft light makes an image that is both pleasant to look at and true to the natural colors and textures of the subject.
Part 3-Focusing on Light Quality
Take images during the time of day known as the golden hour
The hour that is between dawn and sunset, during which the sun is low on the horizon and casts a gentler light, is known as the Golden Hour. This gentle light is ideal for taking photographs of almost any subject.
Take photographs on days that are cloudy or overcast
The time of day and the weather have a significant impact on the quality of light that will be available for shooting. Even though it might not make sense at first glance, cloudy weather is preferable.
Clouds will scatter the light, which will result in fewer pronounced or perhaps nonexistent shadows. The type of diffused light that is created on days with overcast conditions can also be created by the shadows that are produced by massive structures and trees.
A lot of photographers believe that the light that comes from the sun directly overhead is the best possible light since everything is so brilliant. To make matters worse, this is typically the worst time of day to capture images.
The colors will become less vibrant. If you are taking photographs of people, the shadows that fall on their facial features will be too deep. Additionally, you will likely notice eyes that are watering or squinting when you look through the viewfinder of your camera.
Be conscious of light colors
During the Golden Hour, the sunlight produces beams that are redder in tone than yellow. This light is wonderful for producing photographs that are inviting and cozy. Because warm hues are flattering to the complexion, people will particularly enjoy being photographed in this light if you are shooting images of them. These hues will also make the setting appear to have a happier disposition.
The term “blue hours” refers to the hour before sunrise and the hour after sunset, both of which occur when the sun is at its lowest point in the sky. The combination of this early and late indirect light creates an atmosphere with a bluish-white hue. It has the potential to give photographs a more serious tone.